I Peter 2:2  "as newborn babes, desire the pure milk of the word, that you may grow thereby"

Lessons designed to promote the first principles of the oracles of God!

"Written By: David Hicks                                   New King James Version

Lesson 3: "The Lord's Supper"

Introduction: The central theme of the Christian religion is the death and suffering of Christ on the cross to redeem us from our sins and give us the hope of eternal life. The central part of our worship on the Lord's Day, the Lord's Supper, is a commemoration of that sacrifice, by a proper observance of this memorial feast once every week, an appreciation of that sacrifice is increased, our purpose in life as a Christian is re-emphasized, and our strength to resist temptation is renewed.



a.  A memorial or monument.

1 Corinthians 11:23-26 “For I received from the Lord that which I also delivered to you: that the Lord Jesus on the same night in which He was betrayed took bread; 24 and when He had given thanks, He broke it and said, “Take, eat; this is My body which is broken for you; do this in remembrance of Me.” 25 In the same manner He also took the cup after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in My blood. This do, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of Me.”
26 For as often as you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord's death till He comes.”

See Also: Matthew 26:26-30; Mark 14:22-26; Luke 22:14-23.

 i. Compare to the Passover (Exodus 12:43 -51; Numbers 9:1-14).
1.  A memorial of Israel 's deliverance (Exodus 13:9).
ii. Compare to other monuments to memorials as to:
1.  Time in existence.
2.  Extent of observance.
3.  Effect on the observer.
4.  Cost of the materials.
5.  Practicality.

b.  A communion with Christ.

1 Corinthians 10:14-17 “Therefore, my beloved, flee from idolatry. 15 I speak as to wise men; judge for yourselves what I say. 16 The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ? 17 For we, though many, are one bread and one body; for we all partake of that one bread.”

The term communion is best described as an intimate sharing!

 i. (Matthew 26:29; Luke 22:18-30)
 ii. Every Christian, when ushered into Gods Kingdom by baptism, Makes an appointment to meet Christ around his table on the first day of every week. No appointment with earthly friends, family, or for our personal pleasure ought to take precedence over this appointment
 iii. A Declaration “proclaim the Lord's death until it comes” (1 Corinthians 11:26).
1.  In spite of more than 2000 years of persecution from without and false teaching within, this greatest of all sermons is reached by thousands of faithful Christians all over the world
 iv. Scriptural Designations
1.  The Lord's Supper (1 Corinthians 11:20).
2.  Breaking of bread (Acts 2:42; 20:7).
3.  Table of the Lord (1 Corinthians 10:20).
4.  Communion of the Body and the Blood (1 Corinthians 10:14-18).
5.  It is never called “sacrament,” “Mass,” “Holy Eucharist,” etc.,
II.  The Elements of the Lord's Supper.

a.  Bread (1 Corinthians 11:23-24).

b.  Note: Jesus was using the unleavened bread of the Passover feast.

c.  Fruit of the Vine (Matthew 26:29; also 27:28) Note: the terms “cup” and “fruit of the vine” are used interchangeably. Jesus is talking about the contents, not the container!

d.  Are the terms “body and blood” used figuratively in these Passages?

 i. The Roman Catholic doctrine of transubstantiation teaches that the literal body and the literal blood of Christ are present in the observance of the Lord's Supper.
 ii. Arguments for the use of these terms in a figurative sense:
1.  Remember that Jesus was alive at the institution of the Lord's Supper.
a.  When he said, “this is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many unto remission of sins,” His blood was still in His veins, but he was handing them the fruit of the vine.
2.  Use of similar expressions elsewhere:
a.  “I am the vine, You are the branches” (John 15:5).
b.  “I am the door” (John 10:7).
c.  “I am the way” (John 14:6).
d.  “I am the Bread of Life” (John 6:35; 6:48).
e.  “This cup is the new covenant” (Luke 22:20).



a.  Those in the kingdom (Luke 22:29 -30; Matthew 18:3; John 3:3-5).

Colossians 1:13  “He has delivered us from the power of darkness and conveyed us into the kingdom of the Son of His love,”

b.  Those in the church (1 Corinthians 11:18 -20; 1 Corinthians 10:1-18; 1 Corinthians 10:21).

Acts 20:7 “Now on the first day of the week, when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul, ready to depart the next day, spoke to them and continued his message until midnight.”

c.  Compare to the Passover (Exodus 12:42-49).


a.  Note: if there is no divine regulation about the matter; any approved apostolic example or command, then whether a man participated every day once a year or even once in a lifetime would be a matter of human choice.
b.  There was a command to assemble (Hebrews 10:25).
c.  There was a day of assembly.
(Acts 20:7) . Note: The meeting of the disciples and the breaking of bread are both expressed in the same terms. If they met upon the first day of the week, they broke bread upon the first day of the week.

d.  The example of the Corinthian church.

 i. They assembled or “Came together” to partake of the Lords Supper. ( 1 Corinthians 11:18-23 ; 33 - 34 ) .
 ii. They gave of their means when they assembled ( 1 Corinthians 16:2 ) .
 iii. This was on the “first day of every week.” (1 Corinthians 16:2).

V.  What should be our attitude in observing the Lord's Supper?

a.  Reverence (Hebrews 12:28).
b.  Self-examination (1 Corinthians 11:28; 2 Corinthians 13:5).
c.  In a worthy manner (1 Corinthians 11:27-32). Note: “Unworthily” is an adverb denoting manner, not an adjective denoting a state or condition.)


Remember that our Savior came as the Lamb of sacrifice (perfect, and without blemish), in order to present Himself to God for us! His sacrifice also removed the first covenant and brought us the covenant of life, whereby our sins can be forgiven!

Hebrews 10:8-10 Previously saying, “Sacrifice and offering, burnt offerings, and offerings for sin You did not desire, nor had pleasure in them” (which are offered according to the law), 9 then He said, “Behold, I have come to do Your will, O God.” He takes away the first that He may establish the second. 10 By that will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.”

The contemplation of all these things and the condition of our own service to Him are all part of the self examination and worthy manner by which we observe this memorial!