Romans 1:16-17 For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ, for it is the power of God to salvation for everyone who believes, for the Jew first and also for the Greek. 17 For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith; as it is written, “The just shall live by faith.

All articles are written using the NKJV, unless otherwise noted! All articles are written by David Hicks, unless specified otherwise.

Witnesses to Me

To The End of the Earth!

- A Study In Acts -

Chapter Eighteen – Second Journey of Paul Continued

ACTS 18:1:

We began this journey with Paul and Silas in Antioch of Syria; they then traveled through the rest of Syria and through the region of Cilicia strengthening the Bodies of Christ along the way. When they came to the area of the two cities of Lystra and Derbe, they will pick up young Timothy to travel with them. They delivered the decrees to these cities which strengthened them to a productive unity. From here they will travel to two new areas of Asia Minor; Phrygia and Galatia. Luke does not record anything about these visits and Paul will not return to these regions until Chapter 19.

Passing through the region of Mysia (having been forbidden by the Spirit of God to go into Asia and Bithynia at this time), Paul and his group have come to Troas. Here at Troas, Paul will have a vision encouraging him to go to Macedonia and bring the Gospel. As they determine to go to Macedonia, we learn that Luke joins them.

They set out across the Aegean Sea and cross with relative ease, stopping at the island of Samothrace, and the next day arriving at Neapolis, the sea port town for Philippi. From Neapolis they head straight to Philippi, the chief city of this region. While here, Paul would live the very words that he would later instruct the Philippian Christians to practice after him (Philippians 4:8-9). He would go on to bring the Gospel to already religious people, produce good works in the face of adversity, and never allow an opportunity to preach the Gospel of Jesus as the Christ to pass. There would be great success in the power of the Gospel at Philippi.

From Philippi, Paul will travel to Thessalonica and preached to the Jews and devout Greeks in the synagogue with much success. The unbelieving Jews would stir up a mob and attempt to bring Paul and his traveling companions out to the people. This would be unsuccessful; however, it forced the brethren to send Paul and Silas away by night to Berea. Paul would enter the synagogue and bring the Gospel of Jesus as the Christ to these Jews with a much different universal result. They searched, proved, and readily accepted Paul’s evidence and teaching; however, Jews from Thessalonica came to Berea and stirred up trouble there. The brethren sent Paul away by ship to Athens. Upon arrival in Athens, and while he is waiting for Silas and Timothy, he begins to speak in the cities synagogue and market place (Paul is uniquely moved by the city being given over to idolatry); his preaching soon gains him an audience with the cities philosophers. Paul’s sermon to these philosophers finds some limited success and from Athens he will now come to Corinth.

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Text #1:

Acts 18:1 After these things Paul departed from Athens and went to Corinth.”



Corinth: Greek, “kor'-inth” (from Korinthos, "ornament"). This was the Roman appointed capital of the Greek province of Achaia. It resided just southwest of the Isthmus that joined the Peloponnesus to the mainland (the Isthmus averages about four miles across).

The city was situated very close to the three best harbors in the region, which in turn made it a trade mecca and economically the jewel of Southern Greece. In addition, there was a type of tramway for cargo to be hauled over-land across the Isthmus to other ships and even smaller ships themselves would be hauled across in order to avoid the often treacherous sea journey around the Peloponnesus (an additional 200 dangerous miles). A canal across the Isthmus was actually installed by French engineers in 1893.


In addition to the riches of the world, the sea ports brought with it the culture of the world itself, all converging in this one location. Many Jews flocked to Corinth for the vast ability to trade world-wide from a single location. This would help us understand the large synagogue in this city.

Even though this is a Greek province, being controlled by Rome and the amount of trade in this city would additionally bring a large Roman presence here as well; note these Latin names mentioned in scripture concerning those in Corinth:

Lucius, Tertius, Gaius, Erastus, Quartus (Romans 16:21-23), Crispus, Titus Justus (Acts 18:7-8), Fortunatus, Achaicus (1 Corinthians 16:17).


Religiously, Corinth was just as diverse as the people who came there. As we have already mentioned the large number of Jews in the city and their synagogue; additionally there could be found cults of the Egyptians, Romans, and the Greeks.


The temple of Aphrodite was found and believed to be atop the Acrocorinth. This temple was purported to be served at any given time by one thousand prostitutes, who sought the sailors of the city to practice their profession.

The temple of Poseidon was on equal terms with that of the temple of Aphrodite in fame, due to the vast labor force of mariners who frequented this cities harbors. Numerous other temples dotted the city and it could safely be said that idolatry was prevalent (Apollo, Hermes, Venus, Asklepios, etc…).


Corinth was known world-wide for its lack of moral restraint and non-virtuous nature. As with most sea ports, this seems to be a constant association, then throw in the temple of Aphrodite, and the wealth found here and you have a perfect cocktail of moral and traditional decadence. The word, “Korinthiazesthai” became a word used in the Greek language to describe drunken immoral debauchery. In addition, to call a woman a, “Corinthian woman or lass”, was to impugn her morals (in a far more vulgar application). We will actually speak more about this as we look into Paul’s dealings in this city.


The city was additionally famous for a series of athletic games held in honor to Poseidon (the Isthmian Games), these games were secondary only to the Olympics.      



“Paul spent 18 months in the city before the Jews of the city charged him with breaking the law and brought him before Gallio at the city's place of judgment (bema). The mention of Gallio provides an anchor for New Testament chronology as we know from Roman sources that Gallio was proconsul of Achaia from June 51 to May 52. Standing on this platform, the proconsul dismissed the charges against Paul as a dispute of Jewish law and not of a criminal nature.”





“In Corinth Paul met Aquila and Priscilla, Jews recently expelled by Emperor Claudius from Rome.  The three of these were tentmakers (or leather workers) and may have had their place of business in the city's commercial marketplace (agora).  This would have afforded Paul numerous occasions to speak with customers and passers-by of the resurrection of Christ.  Acts notes that Paul spent each Shabbat trying to persuade Jews and Greeks.”


Next: “Preaching in Corinth!”