Romans 1:16-17 For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ, for it is the power of God to salvation for everyone who believes, for the Jew first and also for the Greek. 17 For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith; as it is written, “The just shall live by faith.

All articles are written using the NKJV, unless otherwise noted! All articles are written by David Hicks, unless specified otherwise.

Witnesses to Me

To The End of the Earth!

- A Study In Acts -

Chapter Eighteen – Second Journey of Paul Continued

ACTS 18:6-11:

We began this journey with Paul and Silas in Antioch of Syria; they then traveled through the rest of Syria and through the region of Cilicia strengthening the Bodies of Christ along the way. When they came to the area of the two cities of Lystra and Derbe, they will pick up young Timothy to travel with them. They delivered the decrees to these cities which strengthened them to a productive unity. From here they will travel to two new areas of Asia Minor; Phrygia and Galatia. Luke does not record anything about these visits and Paul will not return to these regions until Chapter 19.

Passing through the region of Mysia (having been forbidden by the Spirit of God to go into Asia and Bithynia at this time), Paul and his group have come to Troas. Here at Troas, Paul will have a vision encouraging him to go to Macedonia and bring the Gospel. As they determine to go to Macedonia, we learn that Luke joins them.

They set out across the Aegean Sea and cross with relative ease, stopping at the island of Samothrace, and the next day arriving at Neapolis, the sea port town for Philippi. From Neapolis they head straight to Philippi, the chief city of this region. While here, Paul would live the very words that he would later instruct the Philippian Christians to practice after him (Philippians 4:8-9). He would go on to bring the Gospel to already religious people, produce good works in the face of adversity, and never allow an opportunity to preach the Gospel of Jesus as the Christ to pass. There would be great success in the power of the Gospel at Philippi.

From Philippi, Paul will travel to Thessalonica and preached to the Jews and devout Greeks in the synagogue with much success. The unbelieving Jews would stir up a mob and attempt to bring Paul and his traveling companions out to the people. This would be unsuccessful; however, it forced the brethren to send Paul and Silas away by night to Berea. Paul would enter the synagogue and bring the Gospel of Jesus as the Christ to these Jews with a much different universal result. They searched, proved, and readily accepted Paul’s evidence and teaching; however, Jews from Thessalonica came to Berea and stirred up trouble there. The brethren sent Paul away by ship to Athens. Upon arrival in Athens, and while he is waiting for Silas and Timothy, he begins to speak in the cities synagogue and market place (Paul is uniquely moved by the city being given over to idolatry); his preaching soon gains him an audience with the cities philosophers. Paul’s sermon to these philosophers finds some limited success and from Athens he will now come to Corinth.

Please use the map provided:

Text #1:

Acts 18:6-10 “But when they opposed him and blasphemed, he shook his garments and said to them, “Your blood be upon your own heads; I am clean. From now on I will go to the Gentiles.” 7 And he departed from there and entered the house of a certain man named Justus, one who worshiped God, whose house was next door to the synagogue. 8 Then Crispus, the ruler of the synagogue, believed on the Lord with all his household. And many of the Corinthians, hearing, believed and were baptized.

9 Now the Lord spoke to Paul in the night by a vision, “Do not be afraid, but speak, and do not keep silent; 10 for I am with you, and no one will attack you to hurt you; for I have many people in this city.

In our previous lesson, when Silas and Timothy arrived in Corinth, Paul had already been reasoning with the Jews in the synagogue concerning the Christ; however, compelled by the Spirit, he then named the Christ to be Jesus. It is at the naming of Jesus as the Christ that the Jews are going to stop listening and instead become antagonists of both Paul delivering the message and the Lord Jesus Christ (“blasphemed” as Luke records it).  

Your Blood be upon Your Own Head: The Gospel has been fairly offered and then deliberately rejected. Neither the Lord nor Paul was to blame for their being unworthy of everlasting life; remember the words of Paul in Antioch:

Acts 13:46 Then Paul and Barnabas grew bold and said, “It was necessary that the word of God should be spoken to you first; but since you reject it, and judge yourselves unworthy of everlasting life, behold, we turn to the Gentiles.”

As they opposed the Gospel of Jesus as the Christ, they were truly opposing themselves, as they were rejecting the only means of reconciliation and salvation available.

Acts 4:10-12 let it be known to you all, and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom you crucified, whom God raised from the dead, by Him this man stands here before you whole. 11 This is the ‘stone which was rejected by you builders, which has become the chief cornerstone.’ 12 Nor is there salvation in any other, for there is no other name under heaven given among men by which we must be saved.”

Justus: This is the surname of Titus of Corinth (also known as Titius Justus, a Latin name); who would open his home to Paul and the disciples with him.

Crispus: This name is from the Greek, “Krispos”; which means, “Curled”. Luke records that he was the ruler of the synagogue in Corinth. What does Luke mean when he states that he “believed on the Lord”? Is this any different than the rest of the Corinthians in verse 8? The answer is, ‘exactly the same as the rest of the Corinthians’, and the process is beautifully recorded by Luke; “hearing, believed and were baptized.”

This is additionally confirmed by rightly dividing the word, note:

1 Corinthians 1:14 I thank God that I baptized none of you except Crispus and Gaius”

1 Corinthians 12:13 For by one Spirit we were all baptized into one body—whether Jews or Greeks, whether slaves or free—and have all been made to drink into one Spirit.”

Also review this list of conversion that we have covered in this series of lessons thus far: Acts 2:38-41; 3:19-20; 8:12-13, 35-37; 9:18; 10:48; 16:15, 33; and now 18:8.

Vision: The Lord is going to appear to Paul to comfort Him. The Lord is going to do this several times in our monitoring of Luke’s record of Paul’s work. It would seem that the same man who was stoned and left for dead, who walked right back into the very city that had done this to him, was fearful in Corinth, note:

1 Corinthians 2:3 I was with you in weakness, in fear, and in much trembling.”

Text #2:

Acts 18:11 And he continued there a year and six months, teaching the word of God among them.”

As we now note the length of Paul’s stay, having been comforted by the Lord, he will labor here in Corinth for a good amount of time. Time enough, in fact, for Silas and Timothy to return to Thessalonica, deliver the letter Paul wrote them, assess the effect of the letter, and return back to Paul to report.

It is here in your Bibles that you will want to make a note that Paul is going to write the second letter to the Thessalonians. It is believed; and I find no evidence to discount this time frame, that the second letter is about five or six months after the delivery of the first.

2 Thessalonians

Theme: “Be counted worthy of your calling” – 1:11; and “Be steadfast” – 2:15. Once again, the theme is the universal answer to all their problems and needs (as well as any that may come our way, present day).

Problems: Uniquely enough, the problems of the second letter are the same as the first. They are still dealing with the adversity of persecutions from their countrymen, and they still misunderstand the return of the Lord.


Chapter One: Greeting; and then comfort to those being persecuted by non-believers.

Chapter Two: Re-visiting the second coming of the Lord; this time putting some comprehension of time to it by describing that it would not come till a great apostasy came first (not giving specifics of time, but that they should not be distracted from their foundations by it any longer - 1-12). In the face of this information, they should simply “Stand fast” in the oral instruction and the written instruction they have received to every good word and work (13-17).

Chapter Three: Paul asks for prayers from these brethren for his work in Corinth and hopes that this will help these brethren establish themselves in the Lord, knowing they are not alone in Paul’s work of the Gospel (1-5). He then gives the first instruction concerning collective discipline towards the disorderly (6-15). Then he gives his heartfelt farewell (16-18).   

Next: “Chaos in Corinth!”