Romans 1:16-17 For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ, for it is the power of God to salvation for everyone who believes, for the Jew first and also for the Greek. 17 For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith; as it is written, “The just shall live by faith.

All articles are written using the NKJV, unless otherwise noted! All articles are written by David Hicks, unless specified otherwise.

Witnesses to Me

To The End of the Earth!

- A Study In Acts -

Chapter Nineteen – Third Journey of Paul

ACTS 19:4-10:

We actually began the third journey in Chapter 18:23. Paul returned from the second journey to Antioch of Syria and then went out again to the region of Galatia and Phrygia strengthening the brethren in these locations; Luke tells us.

Please use this map:

Now that we have a good understanding of the environment of Ephesus, we can engage in the events of Paul’s coming to Ephesus.


In our previous lesson, we looked into the arrival of Paul in Ephesus and his probing questions asked to disciples of the coming Messiah by the work of John the Baptist. In this lesson, having established where to begin, he will now more accurately explain the way of God through Jesus Christ to them (see: Acts 18:26).

Text #1:

Acts 19:4-7Then Paul said, “John indeed baptized with a baptism of repentance, saying to the people that they should believe on Him who would come after him, that is, on Christ Jesus.”

5 When they heard this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. 6 And when Paul had laid hands on them, the Holy Spirit came upon them, and they spoke with tongues and prophesied. 7 Now the men were about twelve in all.”

As we noted in the previous lesson, Paul, thinking they were disciples of the Messiah assumed that they had been baptized into Jesus Christ, and thus the kingdom (“Into what then were you baptized?” 19:3). Baptism is and always will be for true believers (Acts 8:37). In addition, Paul also knew that baptism put you into, or added you to something (see: Acts 2:47; 5:14).

Now Paul is going to define the difference between the two baptisms (John’s baptism prior to the kingdom, and baptism into Christ Jesus and the kingdom).

Difference between the Two Baptisms:

Christ Jesus’ covenant was not to take effect until after His death (Hebrews 9:15-16); thus the instruction of Jesus the Christ to those who would become His disciples (A term to describe those in Christ, very early on – Acts 6:1-2, 7; 14:20, 22, 28; 15:10), was to be a gift that they would continue to receive post their entrance into the kingdom. This would additionally be something every Christian or disciple of Christ was commanded to seek and use as their sole guide for righteousness and faith –

Romans 1:16-17 “For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ, for it is the power of God to salvation for everyone who believes, for the Jew first and also for the Greek. 17 For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith; as it is written, “The just shall live by faith.””

Colossians 1:9-12For this reason we also, since the day we heard it, do not cease to pray for you, and to ask that you may be filled with the knowledge of His will in all wisdom and spiritual understanding; 10 that you may walk worthy of the Lord, fully pleasing Him, being fruitful in every good work and increasing in the knowledge of God; 11 strengthened with all might, according to His glorious power, for all patience and longsuffering with joy; 12 giving thanks to the Father who has qualified us to be partakers of the inheritance of the saints in the light.”

Laid Hands on Them: As they now know exactly who the Christ is and His expectations for entrance into the kingdom, they would need after their baptism, to receive the knowledge that produces the spiritual fruit that would strengthen, give patience and longsuffering, joy, and thankfulness. As the written word was not yet complete, the Holy Spirit worked through miraculous gifts for edification, exhortation, and comfort (see: 1 Corinthians 12:7-11; 14:3). The receipt of the Spiritual gifts could only be enabled by an Apostle of Jesus Christ, and we see this actuated by Paul here (see also: Acts 8:14-17).

Text #2:

Acts 19:8-10And he went into the synagogue and spoke boldly for three months, reasoning and persuading concerning the things of the kingdom of God. 9 But when some were hardened and did not believe, but spoke evil of the Way before the multitude, he departed from them and withdrew the disciples, reasoning daily in the school of Tyrannus. 10 And this continued for two years, so that all who dwelt in Asia heard the word of the Lord Jesus, both Jews and Greeks.”

Paul would continue his work here in Ephesus, initially to the Jews in the synagogues, as he knew where to find them in mass. As the kingdom was preached, “some” were hardened. One of the interesting things about God’s word, as Luke reveals it to us, is that although because of their effect on events we focus on those who were hardened. However, we also should not that if only some were not persuaded, that leaves some who were.

Because of the disruption and persecution by the “some” who were hardened, Paul was forced to move to a different location to continue his work in the Gospel. 

Here we are introduced to the school of Tyrannus (Acts 19:9).

Some have believed that it was a privately owned school of Greek language and culture (probable); while others thought it may be a privately owned synagogue (not very likely, as Paul would go there post the rejection of his teaching by the Jews). The truth is that it cannot be substantiated beyond a shadow of a doubt either way.  

Regardless, we can know beyond a shadow of a doubt that Paul is going to use this location as a center to preach and teach.

All Asia: Paul has already been in Ephesus for three months, working with the Jews. He is now going to spend two solid years working out of this location; in addition, we will learn that Paul will stay in Ephesus even after the two years for “a time” (19:22; and even though Luke does not give us the exact time, Paul will make mention that his entire stay in Ephesus was three years – Acts 20:31).

As we have mentioned in the introductory material, Ephesus was the Roman capital of the province of Asia, and was the pilgrimage destination of all who traveled to the temple of Artemis. This brought people from all over Asia to this central location; where Paul would teach, convert, and they would then return home to assemble and serve the Lord Jesus Christ.

This work of Paul would, after his time in Ephesus, leave congregations of God’s people in Christ in Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamos, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, Laodicea, Hierapolis, and Colossi (Colossians 1:1; 4:13, 16; Revelation 2-3).  

Next: “Miracles to Glorify Jesus Christ!”